Methods of evaluating postural deviations of the spine used in national studies: a systematic review.
Keywords:Posture; Spinal Diseases; Measurement Equipment.
Introduction: The spine related diseases have been increasing sharply and causing serious problems for public
health. Having a postural assessment with one of the important factors in the prevention and/or treatment of these
problems. Objectives: To determine which methods of spinal postural assessment has been used in studies and national journals published recently. Methods: This study is a systematic review, which followed the recommendations
(PRISMA) “Transparent report of Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis.” The search data Began with the choice of
key terms and synonyms following the Health Sciences Descriptors DeSC and MeSH (Medical Subject Headings). Due
to achieve the main objective of the research, we selected only studies of national authors and journals published between the year 2013 to Feb/2014, yet fitting, made any kind of spinal postural assessment. Conducted a descriptive
statistical checking the frequency percentages by software (IBM ® SPSS ® Statistic, vs 21, New York/USA 2012. Results: 25 studies were included, and the methods of evaluation were: photogrammetry (36.7%, n =11); Posturógrafo
(16.7%, n=5); X-Ray (10%, n=3); Postural Visual Evalution (23.3%, n=7) Goniometry (3.3%, n=1). Conclusions: it
is concluded between national studies photogrammetry is the postural assessment methods most used today.