Resistance training and cardiovascular autonomic modulation in humans: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Keywords:Exercise; Resistance Training; Strength Training; Autonomic Nervous System; Cardiovascular System; Herat Rate Variability
Background. Studies investigating resistance training (RT) effects on cardiovascular autonomic modulation (CAM) have shown controversial results. Objective. To address the effect of RT on CAM in humans, in healthy and unhealthy individuals by analysing the findings of previous studies. Methods. An updated search (MEDLINE on January 18, 2016) found 19 studies testing the basal heart rate variability (HRV) before and after a RT intervention in humans. Results. Although, some individual studies showed significant effects from RT on HRV in both directions, the overall effect (standard difference in means) was not significantly on all HRV parameters analysed (time and frequency domains). No RT subgroup (samples and protocols features) presented significant effect on sympathovagal balance, limiting the comprehension about these variations. Conclusion. We conclude RT does not change humans CAM.